Peter Higgs Obituary Obituary 2024

## Peter Higgs and the Higgs Boson

### Peter Higgs and His Theory

In 1964, theoretical physicist Peter Higgs proposed the existence of an all-pervading field in the universe. This field, known as the “Higgs field,” has the ability to interact with subatomic particles and confer mass upon them.

### The Higgs Mechanism

The “Higgs mechanism” explains how subatomic particles acquire mass, even though they are composed of fundamental massless particles called quarks and leptons. According to the theory, the Higgs field creates an energy barrier that resists the movement of these particles, giving rise to the phenomenon of mass.

### Experimental Verification of the Higgs Boson

The existence of the Higgs boson, a particle associated with the Higgs field, was predicted by the Higgs mechanism. In 2012, scientists at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN announced the experimental discovery of the Higgs boson. This discovery confirmed the validity of the Higgs mechanism and provided strong evidence for the existence of the Higgs field.

### Implications of the Higgs Mechanism

The Higgs mechanism is fundamental to our understanding of the structure of atoms and matter. It plays a crucial role in the stability of the universe, controlling the rate of thermonuclear fusion in stars and preventing the collapse of matter into a single point. Without the Higgs mechanism, life as we know it would not be possible.